Basic structure of spinal cord consists of 26 bones arranged in disk like structure. That structure is known as vertebrae. The main function of vertebrae is to protect the spinal cord. Vertebrae are mainly responsible for providing the human body with function of standing properly and bend sideways or backwards. There are numerous conditions that can cause damage to the structure of the spine and can damage vertebrae as well as surrounding tissue. Those conditions include infection, injuries, tumors, ankylosing spondylitis, and scoliosis. Apart from these it might include changes in the bone which comes with old age like spinal stenosis, herniated disk.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyse or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results. Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.
Last date updated on July, 2014