|The hormones that are produced and released by neuroendocrine cells into the blood stream are known as neurohormones. The neuroendocrine cells are also known as neurosecretory cells. By definition of being hormones, these are secreted into the blood for general effects, but these Neurohormones can also have other functions as neurotransmitter or as self-messenger i.e, autocrine messenger or local messengers i.e, paracrine messenger. In specialized hypothalamic neurons the hypothalamus produces neurohypophysial hormones as well as releasing hormones which extend to the median eminence and neurohypophysis.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.