Topical corticosteroids preparations are commonly used in the treatment of ocular inflammation. For anterior segment inflammation, topical steroids treatment is usually preferred over systemic steroids owing to its safety, convenience, and low risk of systemic side effects. Although serum drug levels are apparently low in patients receiving topical corticosteroids there may be a change in levels of plasma cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone. Fukushima et al. showed in two different publications an early effect on serum glucose levels, within hours, after subconjunctival injection of dexamethasone in diabetic and non-diabetic rats and an early transient increase in blood glucose levels on the day of surgery in diabetic patients.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on May, 2021