Supercritical fluids have the low viscosity of a gas and the high density of a liquid, making it impossible to liquefy the matter using any amount of pressure. However, it is possible to go from a gas to a liquid without crossing the boundary between the vapor and liquid phase using a supercritical fluid just by lowering the temperature of the liquid.
The densities and viscosity of a supercritical fluid are subject to change when pressure or temperature is tampered with, and the supercritical fluid of a substance can have very different properties than the regular fluids. For instance, water that is supercritical differs from regular water in the fact that it is non-polar and acidic.
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Last date updated on November, 2020