In the near future, it is likely that wireless sensor networks (WSNs) become a major technology for the sensing in different application areas. One of the main challenges in WSNs is the secure routing of data through the network. This is resulting from the fact that WSNs are normally deployed in unattended or even hostile environments. While in last few years the routing approaches were mainly focussing on metrics such as robustness, energy preservation, etc., recently, different security solutions came to the fore that were taking also the security issues in WSNs into account. In this paper, different types of attacks on the routing layer of WSNs are investigated. Subsequently, measures for secure routing; including cryptography, key establishment, trust & reputation and secure localization; are reviewed, which were proposed by researchers in this area. Based on these findings, future prospects are discussed and final conclusions will be drawn.
Last date updated on November, 2020