|"Thermostable enzymes isolated from thermophilic microorganisms have gained wide industrial, medical, environmental and biotechnological applications due to their inherent stability to high temperatures and wide range of pH optima. They have many advantages including reducing the risk of contamination by mesophilic microorganisms, higher process yield due to increased solubility of substrates and products. Thermostable chitinases are required to digest the chitin at higher temperatures due to the crystalline nature of the chitin. Thermostable chitinases have been isolated from hyperthermophilic archaeon such as Thermococcus chitonophagus , Thermococcus kodakaraensis and Pyrococcus furiosus and thermophilic bacteria such as Aeromonas sp, Bacillus sp, Clostridium thermocellum, Microbispora sp, Paenibacillus sp, Streptomyces thermoviolaceus. However, there are only limited reports on chitinases from the thermophilic fungi.
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