The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, in vertebrate anatomy, is one of the largest endocrine glands and consists of two connected lobes. The thyroid gland is found in the neck, below the thyroid cartilage. The thyroid gland controls how quickly the body uses energy, makes proteins, and controls how sensitive the body is to other hormones.
Thyroglossal duct cysts (TDCs) are the most common congenital anomaly of the neck in childhood, representing more than 70% of congenital neck anomaly. The cyst usually is a painless midline mass close to hyoid bone and slightly mobile. In most cases, the patient just present with an asymptomatic soft mass. The cyst may also develop anywhere along the path of a persistent of the thyroglossal duct: 60% are located between the hyoid bone and thyroid gland, 24% are suprahyoid, 13% are suprasternal and 1% is intralingual . Movement of cyst with protrusion of tongue with stabilization of the mandible is a reliable diagnostic sign. On occasional basis, some patients present with the complications of infected cyst or fistulae. Rarely, airway obstruction and dyspnea may occur especially if the mass is located at the base of tongue.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on June, 2014