The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, in vertebrate anatomy, is one of the largest endocrine glands and consists of two connected lobes. The thyroid gland is found in the neck, below the thyroid cartilage. The thyroid gland controls how quickly the body uses energy, makes proteins, and controls how sensitive the body is to other hormones.
Homocysteine (Hcy) is a highly reactive thiol-containing amino acid, produced by the intracellular demethylation of methionine. Endothelial cell injury in experimental animals and also cardiovascular diseases in human, have been attributed to the alterations in the concentration of plasma Hcy. Thyroid hormones have great impact on basic metabolic rate and are anabolic in physiological quantities. In theileriosis, schizontinfected cells may disseminate through the lymphoid tissues into thyroid glands and cause damage. Substantial elevations in plasma Hcy can potentially produce endothelial injuries and consequently help the formation of anaemia. On the other hand, significant decrease in T4 and fT3 and increase in some trace elements (Mn, Fe and Zn) besides the lack of any changes in the other related factors, indicate that the infection of sheep with lower than 4% parasitemia rates, can induce negative effects on the secretion and concentrations of thyroid hormones, but the infection could not cause reverse effects on important trace elements.
Scholarly journal is a peer-reviewed journal in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Scholarly journals serve as forums for the introduction and presentation for scrutiny of new research, and the critique of existing research. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. The term Scholarly journal applies to scholarly publications in all fields; this article discusses the aspects common to all academic field journals.
Last date updated on June, 2014