The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, in vertebrate anatomy, is one of the largest endocrine glands and consists of two connected lobes. The thyroid gland is found in the neck, below the thyroid cartilage. The thyroid gland controls how quickly the body uses energy, makes proteins, and controls how sensitive the body is to other hormones.
Stroke is one of the main causes of adult disability in most countries. People living with stroke present several sensorimotor deficits such as contralateral and ipsilateral muscular weakness, contralateral spasticity, lack of coordination, contralateral impaired sensitivity, and impaired balance. These sensorimotor deficits are heterogeneous among individuals post stroke and vary according to the size and location of the lesion. After a rehabilitation program, about 11% of individuals post stroke walked with assistance whereas 50% walked independently. In addition to the reduced walking speed, these ambulatory individuals present a gait pattern often characterized by asymmetries in spatial and temporal parameters. Walking speed has been shown as an excellent indicator of functional status and quality of life. However, recent studies suggested that the level of asymmetry in different gait parameters could be more relevant than walking speed to understand the degree of paretic leg impairment and the compensatory mechanisms used by individuals post stroke during locomotion. Furthermore, these persons are preoccupied by these asymmetries and want to walk ânormallyâ. One of their main objectives is to present the appearance of a normal gait pattern. Therefore, rehabilitation professionals devote a significant portion of their interventions to restoring a more symmetrical gait pattern. Until now, the causes of spatiotemporal asymmetry and its impacts on functional status in individuals post stroke have not been clearly established. This could explain the mitigated efficacy of intervention in reducing gait asymmetry in this population.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on June, 2014