The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, in vertebrate anatomy, is one of the largest endocrine glands and consists of two connected lobes. The thyroid gland is found in the neck, below the thyroid cartilage.
Thyroid carcinoma is the most common endocrine neoplasm, corresponding to 95.0% of them, and they make up 2.0% of all malignant tumors. Thyroid carcinoma exhibits a high index of dissemination to the cervical lymph nodes. Neck ultrasound identifies lymph node metastases in 20-30% of cases, especially in the areas closest to the thyroid gland, where their frequency is higher. However, those percentages correspond to fewer than half of the patients with lymph node metastasis. Although the presence of neck metastases increases the rate of local recurrence, the risks of elective lymph node dissection should be assessed relative to its potential benefits, such as reduction of the number of reoperations. Thus, the indication for elective lymph node dissection is controversial for individuals with noclinically manifest metastases in the neck (N0). Although reduced patient survival has been reported in cases with patent neck metastasis, objections have been raised as to the methods applied by those studies.
Journal Article is sometimes called a Scientific Article, a Peer-Reviewed Article, or a Scholarly Research Article. Together, journal articles in a particular field are often referred to as The Literature.
Journal articles are most often Primary Research Articles. However, they can also be Review Articles. These types of articles have different aims and requirements. Sometimes, an article describes a new tool or method.
Last date updated on June, 2014