Total knee arthroplasty is a surgical procedure in which the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint are replaced to relieve pain and disability. It is also referred as knee replacement. This surgery is generally performed for osteoarthritis, and for other knee diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. The surgery is more complicated for the patients having severe deformity from advanced rheumatoid arthritis, trauma, or long-standing osteoarthritis and they are at high risk.
Total knee arthroplasty is performed with the patient after giving them regional or general anesthesia. The anesthesia given also depends partly on the medical condition of the patient. Knee replacement surgery is performed on those patients who are having advanced osteoarthritis and when conservative treatments have failed to relieve them. Total knee replacement can also be used to correct significant knee joint or bone trauma in young patients. It can also be used to correct mild valgus or varus deformity.
Last date updated on July, 2014