Organ transplantation is the transfer of essential organs from one location to another with in a same individual or from one person to the other for the purpose of replacing patients damaged or absent organs. Many diseases which will not be readily curable by any existing therapies can be cured by this method of organ transplantation. There are different types of transplantations and the most commonly transplanted organs are kidneys, liver and heart. Organ transplantation technique can be mainly divided into two types called allograft and autograft transplantations. Autograft transplantation is a transplantation which involves the transfer of organs from one place to other within the same body, whereas allograft transplantation is a transplantation technique which is performed between two different individuals or between two species. Scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting novel research. There are thousands of scientific journals in publication, and many more have been published at various points in the past. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Scientific journals contain articles that are peer reviewed, to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. The publication of the results of research is an essential part of the scientific method. If they are describing experiments or calculations, they must supply enough details that an independent researcher could repeat the experiment or calculation to verify the results. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on July, 2014