Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review. Organ transplantation is the transfer of essential organs from one location to another with in a same individual or from one person to the other for the purpose of replacing patients damaged or absent organs. Many diseases which will not be readily curable by any existing therapies can be cured by this method of organ transplantation. There are different types of transplantations and the most commonly transplanted organs are kidneys, liver and heart. Organ transplantation technique can be mainly divided into two types called allograft and autograft transplantations. Autograft transplantation is a transplantation which involves the transfer of organs from one place to other within the same body, whereas allograft transplantation is a transplantation technique which is performed between two different individuals or between two species.
Last date updated on July, 2014