Substandard medicines are the products in which composition and ingredients do not meet the correct scientific specifications and may occur as a result of negligence, human error etc.These are consequently ineffective and often dangerous to the patient. Counterfeit medicines are fraudulently mislabeled with respect to identity and/or source.Counterfeiting of medicines is a hugely lucrative business due to high demand and low production costs.Scholarly journal is a peer-reviewed journal in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Scholarly journals serve as forums for the introduction and presentation for scrutiny of new research, and the critique of existing research. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. The term Scholarly journal applies to scholarly publications in all fields; this article discusses the aspects common to all academic field journals.
Last date updated on September, 2014