Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
When the body is unable to create enough insulin followed by the fluctuation of blood glucose level in the normal range, it leads to Diabetes. This is further classified as Type 1 Diabetes that occurs mostly at the teenage, however can be seen from infants to elders also. Type 1 Diabetes has been found for the most common population of the country that is not curable after its occurrence, but can be prevented through the proper choice of diet, exercise and daily routine with regular medication. There are few symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes like tiredness, abnormal weight loss, more urine formation, increased thirst etc. This case is generally detected by the blood sugar test, where further medications are prescribed to maintain the insulin measure of the body. Among the body organs, pancreas plays an important role in diabetes as it is responsible for the production of insulin.
Last date updated on September, 2014