|A tendinous structure, the crus of diaphragm, extends from the diaphragm and attaches to the vertebral column. The right and the left crus (pl. crura) form a tether which helps in muscular contraction. They are called crus owing to their leg-shaped appearance (crus is Latin for leg). The crura are tendinous in structure at their origins. They later go on to blend in with the anterior longitudinal ligament of the vertebral column. The right crus is larger and longer than the left and arises from the anterior surfaces of the bodies and inter-vertebral fibro-cartilages of the upper three lumbar vertebrae. The left, however, arises from the corresponding parts of the upper two lumbar vertebrae. Their medial margins pass anteriorly and medialward to meet in the middle line. This forms an arch across the front of the aorta which is called mediam arcuate ligament. But, the arch is often poorly defined. From the aortic hiastus, the area behind the arch, originates a series of fibers of the diaphragm which converge and enter into the central tendon.
Scholarly journal is a peer-reviewed journal in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Scholarly journals serve as forums for the introduction and presentation for scrutiny of new research, and the critique of existing research. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. The term Scholarly journal applies to scholarly publications in all fields; this article discusses the aspects common to all academic field journals.