Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure performed in the pelvis or the abdomen via small incisions which can range from 0.5 cm to 1.5 cm. A camera is inserted to get a view of the area to be operated. This procedure can be used to not only inspect but also diagnose a condition or to perform a surgery. A laproscope can be of two types- telescopic rod lens system and digital laproscope. The telescopic rod lens system is usually connected to a single or three chip video camera. The digital laparoscope involves miniature digital video camera placed at the end of the laparoscope. It allows the doctors to perform both minor and complex surgeries with minimum cuts in the abdomen. This procedure is advantageous to the patient in a number of ways when compared to the open procedure as it reduces pain owing to smaller incisions and shorter recovery time.
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Last date updated on July, 2014