Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure performed in the pelvis or the abdomen via small incisions which can range from 0.5 cm to 1.5 cm. A camera is inserted to get a view of the area to be operated. This procedure can be used to not only inspect but also diagnose a condition or to perform a surgery. A laproscope can be of two types- telescopic rod lens system and digital laproscope. The telescopic rod lens system is usually connected to a single or three chip video camera. The digital laparoscope involves miniature digital video camera placed at the end of the laparoscope. It allows the doctors to perform both minor and complex surgeries with minimum cuts in the abdomen. This procedure is advantageous to the patient in a number of ways when compared to the open procedure as it reduces pain owing to smaller incisions and shorter recovery time.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results.
Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.
Last date updated on July, 2014