Peritoneal dialysis is a form of treatment for patients suffering from severe chronic kidney disease. It uses the individual¬ís peritoneum in abdomen as a membrane. Across which fluids and dissolved substances can be exchanged from the blood. A permanent tube is used to introduce fluid in the abdomen. It is then flushed out either every night while the patient sleeps or via regular exchanges throughout the day. Peritoneal dialysis is used as an alternative to hemodialysis. It is significantly less costly in most parts of the world, with the advantage of self-administering.
High-impact journals are those considered to be highly influential in their respective fields. The impact factor of journal provides quantitative assessment tool for grading, evaluating, sorting and comparing journals of similar kind. It reflects the average number of citations to recent articles published in science and social science journals in a particular year or period, and is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field. It is first devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information. The impact factor of a journal is evaluated by dividing the number of current year citations to the source items published in that journal during the previous two years.
Last date updated on July, 2014