Proteinuria or albuminuria or urine albumin is a condition in which urine shows the presence of an abnormal amount of protein. This condition is often a sign of kidney disease. Kidneys with damaged filters may let proteins such as albumin leak from the blood into the urine. This condition does not normally exhibit symptoms but can be detected by routine urinalysis.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on July, 2014