Vesicovaginal Fistulae (VVF) is the most common acquired fistula of the urinary tract and has been known since ancient times. The physical and psychological impact of constant urinary leakage from a VVF can be overwhelming due to the burden of continual wetness, undesirable odor, vaginal and bladder infections and their related discomfort.The goal of treatment of VVF is the rapid cessation of urinary leakage with return of normal and complete urinary and genital function . Traditionally VVF have been repaired either through a transvaginal or transabdominal (transvesical) approach. Each approach has its own merits depending on the particular circumstances of the fistula, and is associated with excellent outcomes.
Transvesicoscopic Repair of Vesicovaginal Fistula: Short Term Follow-Up
Ajay Kumar Guntaka et al.
Last date updated on June, 2014