Peer reviewing is a process where experts from a particular field evaluating the work done by others of the same discipline. Peer review methods have been designed to maintain standards of quality, credibility and performance. In this process, journals forward the suitable manuscripts submitted for publication to evaluators of similar competence. These members are qualified and generally of the same profession within the respective fields.
Peer review is generally categorized on the basis of the type of activity, field in which it has been submitted. Once the manuscript is submitted to the journal, the editor of the journal would assign the manuscript to an expert in the field. Usually 4-5 reviewers are consulted for this purpose and based on the reviewer workload and interest; a reviewer may accept or reject the invitation. Once manuscript is assigned to a reviewer, the reviewer would be giving their evaluation to the editor indicating all the strong points, weakness and suggestions if possible. This reviewerâs comments can be viewed by the author for their knowledge on manuscript quality. Since the editors are appointed on the basis of their contribution to the field, they select the best person to improve the manuscript.
In peer review refereeâs evaluation normally includes recommendation to strengthen the manuscript according to the latest developments.
Basically recommendations fall under the following categories.
Accept it without any changes
Accept it with minor changes,
The final decision would be of the editor of the journal who uses discretion, based on the reviewerâs comments. Normally editors would go as the reviewers suggest and the identity of the reviewers would be kept secret from the author as we follow single-blind peer review process. After the final approval from the editor the accepted manuscripts will be published after the galley-proof corrections in the respective journals.
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Last date updated on June, 2014