Visceral Leishmaniasis, a vector-borne disease that is caused by obligate intra-macrophage protozoa, is endemic in large areas of the tropics, subtropics and Mediterranean basin. This disease is characterized by both diversity and complexity, it is caused by more than 20 leishmanial species and is transmitted to humans by about 30 different species of phlebotomine sandflies. Leishmaniasis consists of four main clinical types: cutaneous leishmaniasis, muco- cutaneous leishmaniasis, visceral leishmaniasis; and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL).
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Last date updated on June, 2014