Zoonosis describes the process where an infectious disease is transmitted between species from animals other than humans or from humans to other animals. The different form of Zoonosis are direct zoonosis and reverse zoonosis .In direct zoonosis the agent needs only one host for completion of its life cycle, without a significant change during transmission. In reverse zoonosis or anthroponosis, the infectious disease is transmitted from humans to other animals. In a systematic review of 1,415 pathogens known to infect humans, 61% were zoonotic. The greatest risk for zoonotic disease transmission occurs at the human-animal interface through direct or indirect human exposure to animals, their products or their environments. More than 60% of the newly identified infectious agents that have affected people over the past few decades have been caused by pathogens originating from animals or animal products. Seventy percent of these zoonotic infections originate from wildlife. Many modern diseases, even epidemic diseases, started out as zoonotic diseases. It is hard to be certain which diseases jumped from other animals to humans, but there is good evidence that measles, smallpox m, influenza, HIV, and diphtheria came to us this way. The common cold and tuberculosis may also have started in other species. The emerging interdisciplinary field of conservation medicine, which integrates human and veterinary medicine, and environmental sciences, is largely concerned with zoonosis.
The impact factor is a measure reflecting the average number of citations to recent articles published in the journal. OMICS group publishes high impact factor journals; the impact factor is used to compare different journals within a certain field, OMICS journals are known for rapid review process and their impact factor, this features make it as one of the well-established open access publishing group and a section of OMICS Group journals are indexed in the world renowned science database like Medline, PubMed Central, Obscure and Scopus.The journal bioterrorism and Biodefense deals with topics related to zoonosis.
Last date updated on June, 2014