The ocean is not only a living space for biological organisms but provides a work environment for several occupations such as seafarers, fishers, professional divers and workers on off shore oil rigs. While occupational marine hazards have been addressed in the occupational health literature, these issues have rarely been addressed in the context of marine science. Occupational health research and practice, specifically from a public health perspective, can add an important angle to marine sciences. Occupational health is concerned with the promotion and maintenance of physical, mental and social well-being of workers and the prevention of health problems due to hazardous working conditions. Historically occupational health research and practice have been closely connected with the discipline of public health. Both disciplines use epidemiological methods to generate scientific knowledge and utilize evidence âbased practice with focus on the prevention of disease in larger populations rather than the treatment of ill individuals. In line with public health, occupational health generates solutions that go beyond treatment of individuals. It uses the organized efforts of society to generate structures in society that support health. In the context of occupational health, these endeavors resulted in the development and implementation of health and safety standards, policies and legislation, education and training and workplace health promotion programmers.
Last date updated on July, 2014