Cyclooxygenase (COX), it is officially known as prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS), it is a compound that is in charge of creation of critical natural middle people called prostanoids, including prostaglandins, prostacyclin and thromboxane. Since the "COX" term is utilized for the stem image for "cytochrome c oxidase" group of genes and gene items including proteins, the "PTGS" image is authoritatively utilized for the prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (cyclooxygenase) group of genes and proteins. Pharmacological restraint of COX can give help from the indications of aggravation and torment. Non-steroidal mitigating medications (NSAID, for example, headache medicine and ibuprofen, push their belongings through hindrance of COX. The names "prostaglandin synthase (PHS)" and "prostaglandin endoperoxide synthetase (PES)" are still used to allude to COX. Researchers discovered that two diverse COX compounds existed, now known as COX-1 and COX-2. Cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) is known to be available in many tissues. In the gastrointestinal tract, COX-1 keeps up the ordinary coating of the stomach. The chemical is additionally included in kidney and platelet capacity. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is principally show at locales of aggravation. While both COX-1 and COX-2 proselyte arachidonic corrosive to prostaglandin, bringing about agony and irritation, their different capacities make hindrance of COX-1 undesirable while inhibition of COX-2 is considered desirable.
Last date updated on July, 2014