Current clinical applications of nuclear medicine include the ability to:
i. diagnose diseases such as cancer, neurological disorders (e.g., Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases), and cardiovascular disease in their initial stages through use of imaging devices including PET/CT (positron emission tomography/computed tomography) and SPECT/CT (single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography).
ii. provide molecularly targeted treatment of cancer, and certain endocrine disorders (including thyroid disease and neuroendocrine tumors)
iii. non-invasively assess a patient’s response to therapies, reducing the patient’s exposure to the toxicity of ineffective treatments, and allowing alternative treatments to be started earlier.