Deployment and use of the smart defense concept is a challenge in terms of its innovative character. Apparently its content, the smart defense concept has the characteristics of innovation in general form: element of novelty, a positive effect on a wide range of users and costeffectiveness. Maximizing the value of the smart defense concept, however, is related to its effective management, which in turn requires disclosure in depth, not just generally on the specific innovative features. As a consequence, the thesis is that there are expectations for the occurrence of conflicts and bring the specialized administration to certain difficulties in extracting the benefits of the smart defense concept. On the one hand smart defense can be regarded as innovations in terms of resources (tools) using to create a product such as collective defense within NATO. In this sense it can be assumed that there is one, depending on perspective, product, process or marketing innovation. On the other hand, or from another perspective, smart defense is a specific type of innovation associated with new approach for applying of existing practices, processes and tools (instruments). There are also anti-thesis of the innovative nature of the smart defense concept, whose arguments are based on the fact that the planned resources for realization of the concept are known and accepted, i.e. the element of novelty is not so clearly defined.