Japan’s nuclear industry is in total disarray. The country’s general consensus in favor of nuclear energy has been shattered. Before the the March 11 crisis at the Fukushima power plant, roughly 70 percent of Japan’s population was in favour of nuclear energy; today 70 percent is against. Fear is driving public opinion. There is a strong argument however that the public has got it wrong that Japan’s nuclear reactors should be made more secure, not closed for the long term. The technology can be significantly improved, and valuable lessons can be learned from the Fukushima disaster. The costs of changing to alternatives to nuclear energy for this island nation with no coal, oil or gas reserves would be cripplingly expensive, and a giant backward step environmentally in the long term.