Globally, about 2.6 billion people (39%) and almost half the population of developing regions were not using an improved form of sanitation in 2008. An estimated, 1.1 billion people did not use any facility at all and practiced open-defecation. The food and water contaminated with fecal matter can cause up to 2.5 billion cases of diarrhea among children under five, resulting in 1.5 million child deaths annually. Attaining better sanitation can reduce child diarrhea by 30%, and raise school attendance among girls. In developing countries, like Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa more than 80% of the diseases are caused due to inadequate and unsafe water supply, and improper disposal of waste. In these regions, open defecation is still most widely practiced by 44% in Southern Asia and 27% in Sub-Saharan Africa. Globally, an urban resident is 1.7 times more likely to use an improved sanitation facility than rural resident is. Around 2.6 billion people without improved sanitation of which 75% live in rural areas.
Citation: Debesay N, Ingale L, Gebresilassie A, Assefa H, Yemane D (2015) Latrine Utilization and Associated Factors in the Rural Communities of Gulomekada District, Tigray Region, North Ethiopia, 2013: A Community Based Cross-Sectional Study. J Community Med Health Educ 5:338.