There are two types of pathologies caused by Taenia solium infection. The first one is taeniosis, which is caused by the adult parasite that develops exclusively in human intestine. The second one, deals with the infection caused by the larval form, named Cysticercosis (CC). Cysticerci develop in the skeletic muscle, the subcutaneous tissue, and mainly in the central nervous system (CNS), where they lead to a clinical pleomorphic disorder known as neurocysticercosis (NCC). This is the most frequent parasitic disease of the CNS, it also can infect the eyes (ophthalmic cysticercosis), where the larvae can lodge in the retina or in the vitreous humour. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated more than 2.5 million people are infected with T. solium around the world, and 50 thousand deaths a year can be attributed to NCC. Neurocisticercosis is a reportable disease at the international level due to the impact on developing countries around the world. Cysticercosis is frequent in Latin America, Africa, and Asia, where it is considered as a poverty indicator
Citation: Vielma JR, Urdaneta-Romero H, Villarreal JC, Paz LA, GutiÃ©rrez LV, et al. (2014) Neurocysticercosis: Clinical Aspects, Immunopathology, Diagnosis, Treatment and Vaccine Development. Epidemiol 4:156.