Chilaiditi first described in 1910, a radiographic finding of hepatodiaphragmatic interposition of hollow viscera, colon or bowel, referred to as Chilaiditi sign. Chilaiditi sign is found incidentally in 0.025%-0.28% of chest and abdominal plain films, and 1.1%-2.4% of chest/abdominal computed tomography [CT] scans , and is usually asymptomatic. It is more common in the elderly population where the incidence is 1%, but there have been cases where it was presented in patients as young as 5 months, with a male-to-female ratio of 4:1, including all age ranges.
Citation: Mesquita MB, Lubetzky R, Cohen S (2014) Chilaiditi Syndrome as A Cause of Respiratory Distress: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. J Gastroint Dig Syst 4:188. doi: 10.4172/2161-069X.1000188