Global efforts at controlling malaria have resulted in significant successes in reducing malaria prevalence in many endemic countries. As a result, Cotter and colleagues highlighted the changing trends in malaria as countries approach elimination. The efforts in controlling malaria have led to a decrease in global malaria incidence and mortality, and the decrease is even more impressive in malaria-eliminating countries
However raised the concern that traditional control interventions are likely to be less effective due to the changing epidemiology, and detailed the need for very important strategies that must be adopted in order to continue shrinking the malaria map. However, the concern of resistance to antimalarial drug, especially artemisinin, has not been sufficiently raised and discussed in the concept of the changing epidemiology. pointed out that resistance to artemisinin could trigger a catastrophic resurgence in malaria in many parts of the world where significant reductions in malaria morbidity and mortality have been attained.
With increasing reports of artemisinin resistance, there is the need for improved diagnostics for monitoring the spread of artemisinin-resistant Plasmodium falciparum, which threatens the sustainability of the ongoing global efforts to reduce the burden of malaria.
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