Cadmium can cause bone demineralization, either through direct bone damage or indirectly as a result of renal dysfunction. Trace metals such as Pb, Cd, Zn, Cu, Cr and as are potential bio-accumula-tive toxins in the production system of milk and dairy products. Cadmium may enter the body through food, water, air or absorption through the skin however food and smoking are the main source of exposure in the non-occupationally exposed population. A novel absorption-transmission based, miniaturized fiber optic biosensor has been developed for the detection of cadmium in milk.
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Last date updated on April, 2021