|The number of disordered eating cases in adolescent athletes and the female participation in sports that require body exposure and emphasize agility, beauty and leanness of movements, such as dancing, gymnastics, long-distance running and also tennis, have increased in recent years. Disordered eating can lead to serious health complications such as menstrual irregularities and bone demineralization, featuring the Female Athlete Triad. Therefore, to identify vulnerable groups and the best way to track them, it became extremely necessary to describe and confront recent data on the presence of disordered eating and its complications, covering energy availability and Female Athlete Triad spectrum, in young female athletes and control subjects. (Gabriela Morgado de Oliveira Coelho, Female athlete triad-disordered eating and its complications in female athletes: An update).
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel âroadsâ towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is âself-archivingâ (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.