Addressing the risk of chemicals in the environment is becoming increasingly complex, a fact acknowledged by the society. There are many legislations and guidelines related to xenobiotics into the environment that coexist at present. Those rules impose or propose limits and cutoff values for chemicals, how they should be treated once released in the environment or which is the maximum value admitted before causing any harms for environment or population. The European regulators have been very active in the last years producing advanced regulations organizing the discipline relative to industrial chemicals within REACH, to water pollutants within the Water Framework Directive, and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, the plant protection products, and there has been a wide debate on the preparation of the Soil Framework Directive (SFD). Furthermore, new regulations have appeared for cosmetics, and a world-wide effort has been promoted to achieve higher harmonization of regulations relative to chemicals, such as within the Globally Harmonised System. Moreover, also the exposure assessment of human populations and the environmental effects once chemicals are released into market and/or in the environment is demanded by regulations as REACH supporting green, or sustainable, chemistry; i.e. design of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances and applies across the life cycle of a chemical product, including its design, manufacture, and use.
Last date updated on June, 2021