alexa Osteoblasts | OMICS Publishing Group | Endocrinology And Metabolic Syndrome

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Osteoblasts

Human cultured female osteoblasts (Obs) respond age-dependently to estradiol-17β (E2) and to phytoestrogens by increased DNA synthesis (DNA) and creatine kinase specific activity (CK). ERα mRNA expression is higher than ERβ mRNA in Obs. Pre-menopausal Ob (prOb) reveals higher expression of ERα than post-menopausal Ob (poOb), but similar intracellular and membranal E2 bindings. ERα mRNA is stimulated in prOb and inhibited in poOb by different estrogens. ERβ mRNA in prOb is stimulated by 2,3-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionitrile (DPN; ERβ specific agonist) and 4,4',4"-[4-Propyl-(1H)-pyrazol-1,3,5-triyl] tris-phenol (PPT; ERα specific agonist) and raloxifene (Ral) and inhibited by genistein (G) and daidzein (D) while in poOb only E2 and DPN inhibited it. All phytoestrogenic carboxy- derivatives stimulated ERα mRNA in both Ob, while the protein bound- carboxy were ineffective. All compounds except carboxybiochainin A (cBA) had no effect on ERβ. There is higher expression of 1α 25 hydroxy- vitamin D (1OHase) mRNA in poOb, whereas 1,25(OH)2D3 (1,25) production is similar, but all compounds increased 1OHase mRNA and 1,25 to higher extent in prOb. Obs express 15 and 12 lipoxygenase (12LO and 15LO) mRNA and produce 12 and 15 HETE (12H and 15H). 12LO expression is higher and 15LO is lower in prOb, while 12H is higher in prOb and 15H is similar in both. Both LOs are increased to higher extent in poOb by all estrogens except Ral and PPT. 12H is increased by DPN, PPT and carboxy- derivatives similarly in both Obs, while 15H is increased by biochainin A (BA), Ral and carboxyderivatives. DNA synthesis and CK are stimulated by all compounds in both Obs, but to higher extent in prOb. Age-Dependent Responsiveness of Human Female Cultured Bone Cells to Estrogenic Compounds: Dalia Somjen, Sara Katzburg, Alvin M. Kaye, Fortune Kohen and Gary H. Posner
 
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