The importance of antibiotics to medicine has led to much research into their discovery and production. Microorganisms used in fermentation are rarely identical to the wild type. This is because species are often genetically modified to produce the maximum amount of antibiotics. Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on September, 2014