|Whiplash trauma is caused due to injury to the neck that occurs because of car accidents. It is very common in road accidents. In this there is sudden movement of the neck or hyperflexion or hyperextension of the neck. Due to this the neck muscles suffer injury and hence neck pain is caused. Two types of injury may be caused due to this- cervical hyperextension or rapid deceleration. In the former one person body is moved forward in the accident and the head lags behind and occurs in accidents when the person vehicle is hit from the behind. If the extension occur maximum then it is called flexion. In the latter injury the person body is thrown forward and may result in neurological damage. Whiplash trauma may result in severe headache and trauma, ear noises and dizziness may also occur in some cases. Medication is required if the nerve injury occurs.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results.
Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.