|Metabolic syndrome is composed of a variety of diseases related to obesity, such as glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is on the rise in many parts of the world, with the main causes of obesity being associated with overeating and lack of exercise. In this context, the control of energy metabolism and regulation of food intake form key pillars in the treatment of metabolic syndrome. Many neuropeptides in the hypothalamus are involved in modulating feeding behavior and energy homeostasis. It has been reported that the lateral hypothalamus (LH) is a feeding center, the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) is a satiety center, and the arcuate nucleus (ARC) is an integrated center for feeding regulation.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.