Abortion has etymologically, in a wide sense, two nuclear denotations: 1) disruption or arrest of the progress of a process, in this case non-arrived-to-birth or born (or delivery) before (normal) birth; 2) the obliteration of a process, in this case, the death of the fetus or embryo or the act of killing it. Any disruption of growth (with or without delivery, with or without fetal death) since beginning to birth is included in this wide meaning; also, it includes the killing of the embryo or the fetus.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on September, 2020