|Maternal-fetal Medicine (MFM) is a massively growing division of obstetrics that emphases on the medical and surgical organization of high-risk pregnancies. Management includes monitoring and treatment with comprehensive ultrasound, chorionic villus sampling, genetic amniocentesis, and fetal surgery or treatment. This is a subspecialty to obstetrics and gynecology mostly used for patients with high-risk pregnancies and obstetricians who exercise maternal-fetal medicine are also known as perinatologists.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results.
Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.