|Maxillofacial injuries and temporomandibular disorders are very common and comprises the results of various types of sporting activities such as soccer, skiing, basketball, cycling, hockey, snowboarding, boxing and other contact combat sports. Contact sports are reported to be cause of about 19% of maxillofacial and 33% of dental injuries. Boxing-related injuries are considered more serious among other sports due to repetitive and direct traumas to head and face region, which are prohibited in other discipline.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.