Doping in sport is the deliberate or inadvertent use by an athlete. 'Doping' is the word used in sport when athletes use prohibited substances or methods to unfairly improve their sporting performance. The utilization of such substances, their vicinity in urine or blood tests, and the utilization of systems with the motivation behind changing the after effect of an investigation of a urine or blood specimen are prohibited. Drug abuse might be destructive to an athleteâs health or to different competitors contending in the game. It extremely harms the uprightness, picture and worth of game, whether the cause to utilize medications is to enhance execution.
The impact factor of journal provides quantitative assessment tool for grading, evaluating, sorting and comparing journals of similar kind. It reflects the average number of citations to recent articles published in science and social science journals in a particular year or period, and is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field. It is first devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information. The impact factor of a journal is evaluated by dividing the number of current year citations to the source items published in that journal during the previous two years.
Last date updated on September, 2014