|Leishmaniasis is a commonest parasitic disease in the world and a recent review shows that over 98 countries and territories are endemic for leishmaniasis. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a serious public-health problem because of its high incidence, and the chance of lesions and disabling and destructive forms, with great impact on the psychosocial situation of individuals. CL has been reported worldwide, and is endemic in several regions.The disease affectsbothsexes and allage groups.There isa higher incidencein males 60%of cases). CL normally occurs in the cutaneous form, and in Brazil is caused mainly by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis. Lesions caused by this parasite can result in the mucosal form, destroying cartilage and causing disfiguring lesions, and the disease is potentially fatal if untreated.
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