|leptospirosis can be cured with antibiotics, treatment with antibiotics in the late stage of the disease may result in permanent kidney or lung disease that may impair the patientâs health and wellbeing. The excessive use of antibiotics in livestock raises food safety issues. Therefore prophylactic vaccination, along with the application of preventive strategies, seems to be the most convenient and effective way to control the disease. Newer vaccines against canine leptospirosis include multiple serovars of inactivated pathogenic leptospires induce protective immune responses.
The impact factor of journal provides quantitative assessment tool for grading, evaluating, sorting and comparing journals of similar kind. It reflects the average number of citations to recent articles published in science and social science journals in a particular year or period, and is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field. It is first devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information.The impact factor of a journal is evaluated by dividing the number of current year citations to the source items published in that journal during the previous two years.