The transcription is the initial step of gene expression which involves the particular segment of DNA which is copied to RNA with the help of RNA Polymerase enzyme. The band of DNA transcribed into RNA is called a transcription unit and encodes at least one gene. Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on September, 2014