FAIR is a new, unique international accelerator facility for the research with antiprotons and ions. It is ready to be built within the coming years near Darmstadt in Hesse, Germany. The major part of the budget will be provided by the Federal Republic of Germany, together with the State of Hesse. Other fractions will be funded by international partners from Europe and overseas.
Fundamental questions of the evolution of the universe, the structure of matter and its building blocks will be approached with the physics at FAIR.Over the past century, scientists have built up a deep understanding of the subatomic constituents of matter in the Universe and the fundamental forces binding them. More recently, they have developed compelling theories of how those building blocks came into being. Nevertheless, there are still significant gaps in our knowledge of the nature and evolution of matter on both a cosmic and microscopic scale and there are many questions to explore
The new facility, where various physics programs can be operated in parallel, will offer outstanding research opportunities and discovery potential for about 3000 scientists from about 50 countries. In the course of the coming decades the experiments will reveal consolidated findings about so far unknown states of matter and still missing information about the evolution of the Universe 13.8 billion years ago.
FAIR, Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, is a new international accelerator facility for the research with antiprotons and ions. It will be built in cooperation of an international community of countries and scientists. On october, 4th 2010, the international owners founded the FAIR GmbH and the countries representatives signed a treaty under international law (Convention, Final Act).
The facility will be financed by a joint international effort of so far ten member states. The Federal Republic of Germany together with the State of Hesse is the major contributor to the construction, the current nine international partners - Finland, France, India, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Sweden and the United Kingdom - bear ca. 30% of the construction cost. FAIR will be a host laboratory for basic research for about 3000 scientists from about 50 countries.