The National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology (INCC) is a scientific institution within the FPS Justice. As requested by judicial authorities, it conducts independent investigations: • The Operations Branch of Criminalistics identifies and analyzes the traces of suspects and the modus operandi, helping to trace offenders and establish the burden of proof • The Operational Directorate of Criminology reviews the functioning of the penal system and how it can be improved. NICC got lot of reputation within a short period of time. They feel like small is the research work, they get the best results. They produce results by using wide range of forensic expertises. They also conduct research in the field of criminal behaviour and criminal policy. The main objective of NICC is to develop qualitative and quantitative sociological methods. Apart from all, the other activities of NICC is creation and management of forensic databases, training for magistrates and police, coordination with laboratories for scientific and technical police. NICC conducted various researches within the department of Criminalities for the identification of offenders and to substantiate the physical evidence. The criminal phenomena Department of Criminology then examines from the social psychological perspective, including their impact on the society and effective as well as efficiency of fighting against the crime. To perform efficiently, NICC also participates in various forensic activity researches. These could help in associate with other forensic laboratories, university laboratories and even industrial partners. A democratic state must have reliable scientific studies to fight effectively against crime. It is very active in area of expertises like DNA testing, drugs and toxicology studies, brand research etc. Criminology focuses on scientific studies and conducts research in support to criminal policy on management and justice, justice centre- youth and family. The entire research takes place in the framework of networks of professional contacts that have built investigators over the period of time like European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI). Royal Decree established the National Institute for Criminalistics on November 5, 1971. It had been highlighted only after the robbery of the Gang of Nivelles and the CCC attacks. The first parliamentary inquiry said about the scientific and technical practices of the police. Following the example of the flagship of some European police, Scotland Yard, Bundeskriminalamt, National Criminal Intelligence Agency, a forensic science has been developed whereby the members of this service in the first place, and scientists are not police officers. The Committee recommends the creation of a national institute for criminalistics. The Institute is independent and autonomous of the police and it should be national support service. The institute provides all possible logistical support to forensic departments, and equally accessible to all the police and centralise all the data. In the policy statement by the Government in June 1990 (Pentecost Statement),the establishment of the National Institute for Criminalistics was announced. In 1991, the first staff members of the NICC were attracted. In January 1993, the Institute entered into force. NICC conducted research within the Department Criminalistics to objectively substantiate the physical evidence and to identify offenders. The criminal phenomena Department of Criminology then examines again from a social-psychological perspective, including their impact on society, the efficiency and effectiveness of the fight against crime. The NICC also participates in different forensic researches and developmental projects to perform as efficiently as possible expertise assignments. These projects may result in partnerships with other forensic laboratories, police laboratories, university laboratories and even industry partners. In view of its position within the FPS Justice, INCC has been led to develop a particular expertise with regard to support for the production of statistical data on the basis of existing computerized data banks and On the other hand, the exploitation of these databases for the purpose of scientific research on the functioning of the criminal justice system. The question of the articulation and integration of data from different bases is also particularly studied. This axis therefore concerns, in a transversal way, a set of research, dealing with various fields of criminal justice, but which have in common to develop this type of expertise.