Ever since the world's first filming within the stomach in Japan in 1950, endoscopy has been highly evaluated with its benefits, and it has enjoyed its rapid development in a wide variety of medical fields over these three decades. In the gastroenterology field especially, such research and study results as the established diagnostic criteria of early gastric cancer, staging of gastric cancer and other related diseases have been recognized as unique to Japan and have firmly established Japan's place in the world.
With the significant development of this field across the globe, however, the necessity of mutual exchange with researchers abroad is clearer year by year. Endoscopy is mandatory in the researches of diseases in respiratory, urinary, nasopharyngeal, uterine, hepatic and other organs as well as in gastrointestinal tracts. On the other hand, however, we have many issues to solve, such as more precise medical equipment, increased number of clinical cases, advanced and complicated technology, cultivation of experienced physician s, new medical technology and therapeutic applications. This Research Grant is provided for the endoscopy-related research in Japan that is expected to contribute to the development of medicine and improvement of the welfare of humankind. This Overseas Scholarship for Endoscopic Medicine is established to allow young Japanese doctors researching endoscopic medicine (under 45 years old, in principle) to broaden their global view for the future medicine in Japan.